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الأربعاء 13 جمادى الثانية 1442
Wednesday 27th January 2021
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Direct Dental Restorative Materials; The Patient’s perspective
Asfia Saeed, Muhammad Sajid, Saqib Arshad Khan, Usman Anwer Bhatti, Sadia Manzoor, Shabab-Ud-Din
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Volume 12 - Issue 4     Oct - Dec 2020
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Objective: To assess current knowledge and awareness of patients about various dental biomaterials used to directly restore the tooth structure

Study Design:  Observational Cross-sectional study

Place and Duration: Department of Dental Materials at Islamabad Medical and Dental College, Islamabad, Pakistan, from 1st February 2019 to 30th July 2019

Methodology: A pre-piloted questionnaire-based evaluation of the awareness of direct restorative materials in relation to their strength, tooth conservation and the associated health hazards was performed. The questions comprised of the factors influencing selection of direct restorative dental materials including cost, durability, biocompatibility and aesthetics. Patient’s response about the source of information about dental biomaterials and their willingness to update the existing knowledge was also recorded.

Results: Two hundred and sixty-nine patients took part in the assessment. Majority of patients (41.6%) were unaware of any direct restorative material. Dental amalgam was the material best known to patients (27.1%) followed by dental composites (24.5%) and glass ionomer cements (6.7%). Only 29% were aware about presence of mercury in amalgam restoration. Of these, 69.3% had knowledge about controversy over health and environmental risks associated with mercury. Approximately, 35.3% respondents felt anxious about use of amalgam. Durability of restoration was the most important factor for patients while selecting a filling material. Source of information for most respondents was the dental team (40%), and 88.5% of respondents showed interest in improving their knowledge of restorative materials.

Conclusion: Majority of the patients did not have sufficient knowledge about various available direct restorative materials while a number of the patients showed trust on dental team for providing information.

Keywords: Dental restoration, Composite dental resin, Glass ionomer, Dental amalgam, Patient-Centered care, Dental caries

How to Cite This:

Saeed A, Sajid M, Arshad Khan SA, Bhatti UA, Manzoor S, Din SU. Direct dental restorative materials; The patient’s perspective. Isra Med J. 2020; 12(4): 211-214.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.