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الخميس 15 جمادى الثانية 1440
Thursday 21st February 2019
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Association of Elevated Blood Pressure and Body Mass Index with High Prevalence of Reduced Bilateral Visual Acuity in Adults
Ijaz Ali, Inam-ul-Haq, Ommia kalsoom, Zainab Qayyum, Tahir Ahmad Munir, Ahmad Khan, Athar Ahmad Jan
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Volume 10 - Issue 6     Nov - Dec 2018
Download Abstract:
OBJECTIVE: To identify the effect of high blood pressure and body mass index on the visual acuity in young adults
STUDY DESIGN: Across-sectional descriptive study
PLACE AND DURATION: Department of physiology, Mohi-ud-din Islamic Medical College Mirpur from March 10, 2017 to January 12, 2018.
METHODOLOGY: This was done on 150 undergraduate medical students. Blood pressure, height and weight were measured using standard procedure and Body Mass Index was calculated. Visual Acuity for both right and left eyes were recorded separately using E letter chart.
RESULTS: Of 150 students, >48% of the participants were overweight or obese with Body Mass Index more than 25. Obese group demonstrated significantly higher values of height, weight, Body Mass Index, systolic and diastolic pressure compared to non-obese. Mean values of visual acuity obtained from obese and non-obese subjects were significantly different (p <0.05) for right eye (18.56±1.30 and 18.96±1.10) and left eye (18.08±1.79 and 18.94±1.13) respectively. Higher prevalence of low Visual Acuity was also significantly (p <0.05) associated with higher systolic and diastolic blood pressure. 
CONCLUSION: Reduced Visual Acuity (especially Myopia) is common among medical students and myopics are taller, heavier and have higher BMI and blood pressure.
KEYWORDS: Adult, Body mass index, Elevated blood pressure, E-Chart, Obesity, Visual acuity

Ali I, Haq IU, Kalsoom O, Qayyum Z, Khan A, Munir TA, Raza SH, Jan AA, Kazmi SAJ. Association of Elevated Blood Pressure and Body Mass Index with High Prevalence of Reduced Bilateral Visual Acuity in Adults.Isra Med J. 2018; 10(6): 357-361.

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