ISRA MEDICAL JOURNAL p-ISSN: 2073-8285
e-ISSN: 2413-9289
Excellence in Medical Education
الاثنين 03 صفر 1442
Monday 21st September 2020
Current Issue:
Volume 12 - Issue 3, Jul - Sep 2020
Archives Instructions for Authors Manuscript Submission Review Process Instructions for Reviewer Ahead of Printing Article Tracking
IMJ is recognized by;

- Higher Education Commision of Pakistan (HEC)
- Pakistan Medical & Dental Council (PMDC)

IMJ is Covered by;
- Directory of Open Access scholarly Resources (ROAD)
- EBSCO
- Index Copernicus International (IC Journals Master List)
- Index Medicus for the Eastern Mediterranean Region (IMEMR)
- PakMediNet
- BiblioMed
Title:
Single Iron supplementation versus combined Vitamin A and Iron supplementation in treatment of Iron Deficiency Anemia in children less than 5 years visiting tertiary care hospital of Islamabad: A randomized Control Trial
Authors:
ShahzadiSumbal Ghazi, Muqadar Shah, Noshina Riaz, Fatima Hashmi, Jai Krishin, Asma Khan
Published on:
2020-06-30
Journal Reference:
Volume 12 - Issue 2     April- June 2020
Pages:
56-59
Download Abstract:

Abstract

Objective: To compare Vitamin A supplementation along with iron supplementation and iron supplementation alone in treatment of iron deficiency anemia in terms of mean Hb improvement in children less than 5 year.

Study Design: Randomized Controlled Trial

Place and Duration: Department of Pediatrics, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences Hospital,Islamabad from 1st July 2016 to 31st December 2016.

Methodology: Total of 80 diagnosed cases of iron deficiency anemia patients were enrolled with 40 in each group. Patients were randomly assigned into group-A (iron and Vitamin A supplementation) and group-B (iron supplementation only) by using simple random sampling. A baseline venous sample of 5ml was taken to obtain patient’s Hb, MCV, MCHC, Ferritin and Iron. Follow-up blood samples were obtained of patients in both groups for Hemoglobin level after two months.

Results:  Both groups were comparable for age and gender andbaseline Hemoglobin levels which were 8.9 + 0.36 in Group A and 8.8 +0.38 in Group B (iron supplementation only). There was significant improvement in hemoglobin level in group A compared with group B, mean hemoglobin 11.9 + 0.99 in Group A and 9.6+1.03 in Group B respectfully, p-value was 0.00.

Conclusion: Addition of Vitamin A along with iron supplementations significantly improve hemoglobin levels in iron deficiency anemia patient in pediatric age group less than 5 years.

Keywords:Children, Hemoglobin, Iron deficiency anemia, Management, Vitamin A, Iron supplementation

How to Cite This:

GhaziSS, ShahM, RiazN, HashmiF, KrishinJ, Khan A. Single Iron supplementation versus combined Vitamin A and Iron supplementation in treatment of Iron Deficiency Anemia in children less than 5 years visiting tertiary care hospital of Islamabad: A randomized Control Trial.Isra Med J. 2020; 12(2): 56-59.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.