e-ISSN: 2413-9289
Excellence in Medical Education
الأربعاء 22 ذو الحجة 1441
Wednesday 12th August 2020
Current Issue:
Volume 11 - Issue 6, Nov - Dec 2019
Archives Instructions for Authors Manuscript Submission Review Process Instructions for Reviewer Ahead of Printing Article Tracking
IMJ is recognized by;

- Higher Education Commision of Pakistan (HEC)
- Pakistan Medical & Dental Council (PMDC)

IMJ is Covered by;
- Directory of Open Access scholarly Resources (ROAD)
- Index Copernicus International (IC Journals Master List)
- Index Medicus for the Eastern Mediterranean Region (IMEMR)
- PakMediNet
- BiblioMed
Knowledge and clinical practice of adhesive protocols for composite restorations among dental practitioners in Islamabad
Muhammad Usman Ashraf, Usman Anwer Bhatti, Beenish Qureshi, Qirat Ashfaq, Awais Niazi, Tassadaq Khurshid
Published on:
Journal Reference:
Volume 11 - Issue 4     July - August 2019
Download Abstract:



Objective: To assess the knowledge and clinical practice of adhesive protocol of composite restorations among dental practitioners working in dental hospitals and clinics of Islamabad.
Study Design: Descriptive cross sectional study
Place and Duration: Islamabad Medical and Dental College, from 1st October 2017 to 20th March 2018.
Methodology: A pre piloted questionnaire was used to record information related to knowledge and clinical practice of adhesive protocols in composite restorations. The questionnaire contained questions regarding increment selection, adhesive approach, adhesive preference, isolation approach, bond strength, postoperative sensitivity. Data was assessed for knowledge regarding adhesive protocols and its clinical application in light of responses obtained in questionnaire.
Results: Among total of 172 respondents 97.1% utilized incremental technique for composite restoration and 84.3% used etch and rinse approach for adhesion. About 46.5% of the respondents identified the IV generation adhesives as “gold standard”. Regarding clinical practice, IV generation adhesives were used by 29.7% of the practitioners. The knowledge of recommended isolation method for adhesive restorations was identified as rubber dam by 88.4% but only 4.7% identified the clinical practice of always applying it while doing an adhesive restoration.
Conclusion: Most of the dental practitioners possess evidence based knowledge regarding adhesive protocols for composite restorations. However the clinical practice of an occasional use of rubber dam and the use of simplified adhesives is not in accordance with the established evidence based practice.
Keywords: Adhesive, Rubber dam, Composite resins, Dental practitioner, Dental restoration, Knowledge

How to Cite This:

Ashraf MU, Bhatti UA, Qureshi B, Ashfaq Q, Niazi A, Khurshid T. Knowledge and clinical practice of adhesive protocols for composite restorations among dental practitioners in Islamabad.Isra Med J. 2019; 11(4): 226-229.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.