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Excellence in Medical Education
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Effect of self-learning by digital histology catalogue on examination score of Undergraduate Medical students
Muhammad Ali Rabbani, Hamd Binte Shahab Syed, Faiza, Shireen Eyman, Ayesha Irfan, Muhammad Waqas Rabbani
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Volume 13 - Issue 3     Jul - Sep 2021
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Objective: To evaluate the effect of using the Digital Histology Catalogue as an adjunct to conventional microscopic tissue slides on the examination score of undergraduate medical students.

Study Design: Descriptive Observational Study

Place and Duration: CMH Multan Institute of Medical Sciences from 2nd January 2017 to 28th  February 2020

Methodology: Data was collected retrospectively from the summative module exam results of 1st and 2nd-year MBBS for Batch 2018-23 (Group A) and Batch 2017-22 (Group B). Group A was introduced to the online histology catalogue in their 2nd year of MBBS. In contrast, Group B was not introduced to any such intervention. Modular results of 1st and 2nd-year MBBS were compared for both Group A and B. To further support our results, modular results of Group A and Group B were compared with each other, for 1st-year MBBS (when no group was introduced to online catalogue) and 2nd-year MBBS (when only Group A was introduced to the online catalogue).

Results: For Group A, students scored higher marks in module exams of Second Year (after the intervention) as compared to their First Year (p <0.001). There was no significant difference between the mean marks of two years for Group B. Although students of both groups had similar marks in their first-year MBBS, during their second year of study, Group A (exposed to intervention) performed better as compared to Group B (p <0.001).

Conclusion: Self-Learning by online digital histology catalogue had a positive effect on the academic performance of the undergraduate medical students in their summative histology practical exams.

Keywords: Virtual microscopy, Computer Assisted Learning (CAL), Pakistan, Medical education, Microscopy, Teaching/methods, E-learning, Digital histopathology, Whole slide imaging, Teaching histopathology


How to Cite This:

Rabbani MA, Syed HBS, Faiza, Eyman S, Irfan A, Rabbani MW. Effect of self-learning by digital histology catalogue on examination score of Undergraduate Medical students. Isra Med J. 2021; 13(3): 197-200.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.