ISRA MEDICAL JOURNAL p-ISSN: 2073-8285
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Volume 11 - Issue 4-B, July - Aug 2019
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Title:
Association of stressful life events and depression among cardiovascular patients: A quantitative cross sectional study
Authors:
Ruqia Safdar Bajwa, Khansa Mubashir
Published on:
2019-08-31
Journal Reference:
Volume 11 - Issue 4-B     July - August 2019
Pages:
318-322
Download Abstract:
ABSTRACT
 
Objective: To assess the relationship between stressful life events and depression among cardiovascular patients along with the evaluation of differences based on demographic variables.
Study Design: Quantitative cross sectional study.
Place and Duration: From 15th February 2017 to 12th July 2017 at Multan Institute of Cardiology and the cardiology ward of Nishtar Hospital Multan.
Methodology: The data was collected through structured questionnaires from 200 cardiovascular patients. The Holmes-Rahe life stress inventory (43 life events to be scored by the patients) was used to measure stressful life events while Beck depression inventory (BDI) having 21 items was used to measure depression level of the patients. Pearson product moment test was used to assess the relationship between stressful life events and depression.
Results: Among 200 cardiovascular patients a positive correlation (.271) between depression and stressful life events was detected. Majority of the patients (45.5%) reported minimal level of depression while 16.5 percent patients reported mild depression and 19.5 % patients had severe depression. Cardiovascular patients in early middle adulthood were less stressed out as compared to early adulthood and later adulthood patients (p=.033*). Level of depression is higher in those cardiovascular patients who have very low income as well as very high income (p=0.006).
Conclusions: Stressful life events are positively associated with depression in cardiovascular patients. Moreover, depression and stress level significantly differ in cardiovascular patients with different age, income level and marital status.
Keywords: Stressful life events, Prevalence, Depression, Cardiovascular patients, Marital status, Income level.

How to Cite This:


Bajwa RS, Mubashir K. Association of stressful life events and depression among cardiovascular patients: A quantitative cross sectional study.Isra Med J. 2019; 11(4)-Part B: 318-322.


This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.