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Excellence in Medical Education
الأربعاء 13 جمادى الثانية 1442
Wednesday 27th January 2021
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An insight into the Transmission Dynamics and Atypical Clinical Manifestations of COVID-19
Rimsha Ali, Taaha Muddassir Mirza
Published on:
Journal Reference:
Volume 12 - Issue 4     Oct - Dec 2020
Download Abstract:


SARS-CoV-2 belongs to the Coronaviridae family, a zoonotic group of viruses that have caused global worry. The main mode of transmission is established to be droplet spread, however, airborne transmission has not been ruled out. The median incubation period has been reported to be 5.0 days and the median duration of viral shedding as 20 days. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the reproductive number of SARS-CoV-2 is between 2.0 to 2.5, a value dependent on social distancing measures. The atypical manifestations of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) include venous and arterial thromboembolisms, myocarditis, arrhythmias, demyelinating disorders, encephalopathy, acute kidney injury, and varying ocular and dermatological manifestations. The transmission dynamics of the virus and the atypical clinical manifestations have made combating this pandemic a global challenge. This review aims to provide an overview of the above to raise awareness among the health care workers, public health officials, and the public.

Keywords: COVID-19, Coronavirus, Epidemiology, Transmission mechanics, Clinical Presentation, Atypical presentation, Complications

How to Cite This:

Ali R, Mirza TM. An insight into the transmission dynamics and atypical clinical manifestations of COVID-19. Isra Med J. 2020; 12(4): 219-223.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.