e-ISSN: 2413-9289
A Biannual Published Journal of Isra University, Pakistan
الاثنين 27 جمادى الأولى 1445
Monday 11th December 2023
Current Issue:
Volume 15 - Issue 1, Jan – Jun 2023
Archives Instructions for Authors Manuscript Submission Peer Review Process Instructions for Reviewer Ahead of Printing Article Tracking
IMJ is recognized by;

- Higher Education Commission (HEC)

IMJ is Covered by;
- Directory of Open Access scholarly Resources (ROAD)
- Index Copernicus International (IC Journals Master List)
- Index Medicus for the Eastern Mediterranean Region (IMEMR)
- PakMediNet
- BiblioMed
- Tehqeeqat
Assessment of awareness regarding Chronic Kidney Disease and Chronic Hepatitis among people visiting a Tertiary Care Hospital
Mahvesh Mahmud, Khurram Baqai, Maryam Anwar
Published on:
Journal Reference:
Volume 14 - Issue 4     Oct – Dec 2022
Download Abstract:



Objective: To assess the level of knowledge, regarding chronic kidney disease (CKD) and chronic hepatitis in high risk groups of people

Study design: Cross-sectional study

Place and Duration: The study was carried out at Ziauddin Hospital, Karachi over a period of 8 months from 19th November 2021 till 19th July 2022.

Methodology: A total of 300 patients were interviewed verbally on a questionnaire translated into Urdu.

Results: Regarding CKD, only 13% of the participants knew that it is a long term and irreversible condition, with only 6% of them being aware that it can also be asymptomatic in initial stages. Only 5% of them knew that disease management revolves around reducing its progression and complications. 33% of the patients knew about hepatitis B or C, out of which 26% had knowledge that it can progress to chronic hepatitis. Only 21% knew that the infection is lifelong and incurable. Almost 80% of the respondents were not aware regarding the different routes of transmission, the symptoms or the complications.

Conclusion: The research identified dismally low level of awareness up to 80-90%, regarding awareness aspects of two very common health conditions. Thus, it is imperative to design religiously and culturally acceptable public health strategies to increase awareness for earlier detection of both CKD and CLD for better health outcomes and therefore to reduce the economic burden of our country.

Key words: Chronic Kidney Disease, Chronic Hepatitis, Knowledge, Perception, Strategies, Healthcare. 


How to Cite This:

Mahmud M, Baqai K, Anwar M. Assessment of awareness regarding Chronic Kidney Disease and  Chronic Hepatitis among people visiting a Tertiary Care Hospital. Isra Med J. 2022;14(4):143-147. DOI:

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.