ISRA MEDICAL JOURNAL p-ISSN: 2073-8285
e-ISSN: 2413-9289
A Quarterly Published Journal of Isra University, Pakistan
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السبت 15 محرم 1444
Saturday 13th August 2022
Current Issue:
Volume 14 - Issue 1, Jan-Mar 2022
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Title:
Analysis of C reactive protein and other inflammatory markers in the cardiovascular risk prediction in women
Authors:
Muhammad Shahid,Liaqat Ali, Hafiz Abdul Kabir
Published on:
2022-01-31
Journal Reference:
Volume 14 - Issue 1     Jan - Mar 2022
Pages:
26-30
Download Abstract:
DOI:

  ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the role of C Reactive Protein and other inflammatory markers in cardiovascular risk prediction.

Study Design: A prospective case-control study.

Place and Duration: At Cardiology Department of Nishtar Medical University & Hospital Multan from 5th Oct 2020 to 5th Oct 2021.

Methodology: A total of 150 postmenopausal women were studied and divided into CVD patients (n=50) and control patients (n=100).  The analyzed markers of inflammation included Interleukin-6, high-sensitivity C-reactive Protein, Soluble ICAM-1 (slCAM-1), and Amyloid-A. The Homocysteine, Lipid Profile, and Low and High-density lipoprotein levels were also evaluated. Cardiovascular events considered in our study were death after coronary artery disease, non-fatal heart attack or stroke, or requiring coronary-revascularization methods.

Results: In univariate analysis, it was observed that high-sensitivity C-reactive protein levels were the strongest risk predictor of cardiovascular diseases. Amyloid-A, High-density lipoprotein, Cholesterol, Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, Soluble lCAM-1, Interleukin-6, Apolipoprotein B-100, Homocysteine, total cholesterol, and the ratio of total cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol also contributed to predicting cardiovascular diseases. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (95% Cl: 1.4(1.0-2.0)) and Amyloid-A (95% Cl: 0.9(0.7-1.5)) were also strong risk predictors in women. On the other hand, in multivariate analyses, only High-sensitivity C-reactive protein and the ratio of total cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol were independent risk predictors.   

Conclusion: As high-sensitivity CRP is an independent cardiovascular risk predictor, adding it to lipid screening may be a good procedure for identifying women at risk of cardiovascular diseases.

Keywords: High sensitivity C-reactive protein, Cardiovascular events, Amyloid-A, Lipids, Inflammatory markers

 

How to Cite This:

Shahid M, Ali L, Kabir HA. Analysis of C reactive protein and other inflammatory markers in the cardiovascular risk prediction in women. Isra Med J. 2022; 14(1):26-30. DOI: https://doi.org/10.55282/imj.oa1320


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