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Antenatal Care: Accessibility Issue among Pakhtun Women in Malakand, Pakistan
Hussain Ali, Ahmad Ali, Qaisar Khalid Mahmood, Ahmad Jalal, Syed Rashid Ali
Published on:
Journal Reference:
Volume 10 - Issue 6     Nov - Dec 2018
Download Abstract:
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of socio-demographic and cultural factors in restricting Pakhtun womenfor antenatal health care in Malakand District.  
STUDY DESIGN: A cross sectional survey research design.
PLACE AND DURATION: Household survey was conducted in District Malakand Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, from 1st May to 30th November, 2016.
METHODOLOGY: Socio-demographic characteristics (age of women, women education, husband education, women occupation, monthly family income, and family type), and cultural factors (authority to make family planning decision, authority to make household decision, authority to decide maternal health care services, visit to outdoor) were taken as independent variables while antenatal care visits was taken as dependent variable.   
RESULTS: Overall, more than 53% of the respondents had inappropriate antenatal care visits during their last pregnancy. Nearly 50% pregnant women preferred home as a place for antenatal care services. Majority (88%) women are confined to domestic sphere by men family members. Similarly, 76% women have limited decision making in maternal health care access and treatment. The respondent shared that 70% of the women faced physical violence during pregnancy and 31% of the women are restricted from outdoor mobility.
CONCLUSION: The women education, occupational status, and husband’s education were key socio-demographic factors restricting women to access antenatal healthcare in Malakand District.
                                  KEYWORDS: Women, Antenatal Care, Accessibility, Pregnancy, Pakhtun Culture. Education, Decision Making Authority

                                  Ali H, Ali A, Mehmood QK, Jalal A, Ali SR. Antenatal Care: Accessibility Issue among Pakhtun Women in Malakand,                                  Pakistan.Isra Med J. 2018; 10(6): 362-366.

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